Monogenic Diabetes (MD) accounts for around 3-4% of all diabetes cases and the identification of the gene causing the diabetes is extremely important because enables us to establish the most appropriate treatment, to better predict the progression of the disease in the future and to advise other family members of their risk of inheriting it (all children of an affected parent with MD have a 50% chance of inheriting the affected gene and developing MD).

It is also very important to know that MD is often misdiagnosed as either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Therapies to treat MD are different to those used to treat type 1 or type 2 diabetes; hence a correct genetic diagnosis will affect the choice of the right treatment of the disease.